picoCTF 2022 - Challenges

This time around we broke out of the Binary Exploitation category. We eventually solved everything (and broke into the global top 10 during the competition). This page is a greatest-hits compilation of the more difficult/interesting challenges and our approach to solving them.

NOTE: stay tuned as this page is actively being updated with more challenges.

Getting Started

Note: For most challenges all you need as a linux machine (a Kali VM or WSL2 is fine) with python3.

List of Challenges

1. Sequences (Crypto - 400 Points)

Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "sequences.py", line 48, in <module>
    sol = m_func(ITERS)
  File "sequences.py", line 19, in m_func
    return 55692*m_func(i-4) - 9549*m_func(i-3) + 301*m_func(i-2) + 21*m_func(i-1)
  File "sequences.py", line 19, in m_func
    return 55692*m_func(i-4) - 9549*m_func(i-3) + 301*m_func(i-2) + 21*m_func(i-1)
  File "sequences.py", line 19, in m_func
    return 55692*m_func(i-4) - 9549*m_func(i-3) + 301*m_func(i-2) + 21*m_func(i-1)
  [Previous line repeated 995 more times]
  File "sequences.py", line 14, in m_func
    if i == 0: return 1
RecursionError: maximum recursion depth exceeded in comparison

Solving crypto problems through the power of linear algebra!
> Read More

2. Solfire (Binary Exploitation - 500 Points)

$ file solfire.so
solfire.so: ELF 64-bit LSB shared object, eBPF, version 1 (SYSV), dynamically linked, not stripped

Our three-part series covers reversing and exploiting a Solana smart-contract to steal over 50,000 lamports. This challenge had less than 10 solves during the picoCTF 2022 competition.
> Read More

3. Live Art (Web Exploitation - 500 Points)

$ docker run --rm  -p 3000:3000 picoctf2022-liveart
Pre-bundling dependencies:
  react
  react-dom
  react-router-dom
  peerjs
  react/jsx-dev-runtime
(this will be run only when your dependencies or config have changed)
  vite v2.8.6 dev server running at:
Local:    http://localhost:3000/
Network:  http://172.17.0.2:3000/
  ready in 501ms.

This React website contains a hidden XSS vulnerability that we’ll need to figure out in order to steal the flag.
> Read More

2. NSA Backdoor (Crypto - 500 Points)

>> dlog_brute(3, 13, 23, 23)
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
  File "solve.py", line 28, in dlog_brute
    assert len(l) < 2, f"WARNING prime {p}, g={g}, h={h} has multiple solutions: {l}. Error!"
AssertionError: WARNING prime 23, g=3, h=13 has multiple solutions: [5, 16]. Error!

We brute-force our way through this backdoor, and learn a few things about discrete logarithms while we’re at it.
> Read More